Assyrian writing

It is the idea, for example, of imperial administration, of dividing the land into territories administered by local governors who report to the central authority, the King of Assyria. He also took possession of Phoenicia; restored to his throne Padiya king of Ekron who had been deposed and given over to Hezehiah, king of Jerusalem.

Feel free to download that page and use it on your own computer. According to the numbers of foot soldiers and chariots listed in the inscription, Ahab was one of the major partners in the coalition.

Arbel is the oldest extant city, and remains largely unexcavated, its archaeological treasures waiting to be discovered. Much of what is known about Elamite civilization comes to us from Sumerian, Babylonian and Assyrian records. From the Caspian to Cyprus, from Anatolia to Egypt, Assyrian imperial expansion would bring into the Assyrian sphere nomadic and barbaric communities, and would bestow the gift of civilization upon them.

Dissent over the hereditary succession within the Assyrian Church of the East grew untilwhen a group of Assyrian bishops, from the northern regions of Amid and Salmaselected a priest, Mar Yohannan Sulaqaas a rival patriarch. Styles of Writing The style of writing illustrated above is the one most commonly seen in Hebrew books.

After Adad-nirari III died in BC, his four sons ruled in succession; but none of them were noteworthy until the fourth, Tiglath-pileser III, became king of Assyria in BC, though some believe that he was not a royal son but a general who took power by force. Ashurbanipal besieged Babylon for two years until Shamash-shum-ukin set fire to his own palace and perished.

Athens also agreed not to support rebellions in Egypt and Libya. These changes are often identified as the beginning of the "Second Assyrian Empire". He was succeeded by his son Sennacherib. Medical theory was based primarily on the belief that disease was a punishment inflicted by the gods on humans for their sins, although dust, dirt, food and drink, as well as contagion were taken into consideration.


According to the inscriptions, Esarhaddon was a ruthless and revered ruler and conqueror. Inspectors called "the ears of the king" kept him informed and had their own armed forces. Social classes were rigidly determined by one's position in the hierarchy. The Greeks won a narrow victory over the Persian army at Granicus.

Though Tiribazus was winning over mercenaries with money, the rivalry of Aroandas caused Artaxerxes II to have Tiribazus arrested; but Aroandas had to accept the terms of Euagoras at Cyprus that Tiribazus had rejected.

Arsaces II and the Parthians used guerrilla tactics; but the Seleucids managed to preserve water systems and seized Hecatompylus. However, in Sparta politicians refused to ratify a treaty that recognized Persian territory that had belonged to ancestors of the Persian King. Armaiti means Devotion and Piety and came to be associated with the sustaining nurturing of Mother Earth.

The old alliance of Persia and Athens established democracies in numerous Asian cities under the auspices of the Persian empire. All authorities maintain that today, the only holy script is K'tav Ashuri. Megabyzus eventually was invited back to the King's table; but when he died, his wife Amytis, the King's sister, became the mistress of a Greek physician, who, when it was discovered, was buried alive for polluting the royal blood, Amytis dying the same day.

Historical Background to Greek Philosophy

His sister and wife Parysatis became an influential queen especially on behalf of Cyrus, who was the next son born to them. But it is not only things that originated in Assyria, it is also ideas, ideas that would shape the world to come. After the Persians had assaulted Eretria for six days, two democrats betrayed the city, hoping their party would gain power; but the Persians made the moral mistake of destroying the temples and enslaving the people.

Persian money aided Sparta in defeating Athens at Tanagra in BC, and a pacified Judah allowed safe passage of the Persian army led by Syrian satrap Megabyzus on its way to Egypt, where it drove the Athenians out of Memphis, capturing 6, Greeks.

Among the finds were fragments of carved ivories which had once adorned the walls and furniture of the palace at Samaria.

Assyrian, Neo-Babylonian, and Persian Empires

The Kurdish Emirs sought to consolidate their power by attacking Assyrian communities which were already well-established there. Ashurbanipal marched in triumph with three Elamite Assyrian writing and a king of Arabia harnessed to his chariot.

He was granted the title of "Patriarch of the Chaldeans," and his church was named the Church of Athura and Mosul. There is an entire discipline of Jewish mysticism known as Gematria that is devoted to finding hidden meanings in the numerical values of words.

Along with knowledge comes pride. Manasseh has the dubious reputation of being the wickedest king of either Judah or Israel 2 Kgs Aram was overthrown by Sarduri I, whose dynasty in Urartu lasted a quarter of a millennium.

Assyrian Scribes, Panel of Sennacherib ( BC) Nineveh, northern Iraq Neo-Assyrian, about BC Artifact location: British Museum. One scribe hold a hinged writing board covered in wax.

Actual examples of the boards have been excavated at the Assyrian city of Nimrud. Information could be recorded and then the wax melted and. It took thousands of years for Assyrians to finally give up primitive record-keeping methods.

After the Assyrians accepted the language of the Aramaens, Aramaic became the lingua franca of Mesopotamia and the whole middle-east. The word Aramaic comes from the word Aram, the son of Shem (of which the word SHE-MAA-YAA (Semetic) is derived).

Assyrian language: Past and Present

Neo-Assyrian received an upswing in popularity in the 10th century BC when the Assyrian kingdom became a major power with the Neo-Assyrian Empire, but texts written 'exclusively' in Neo-Assyrian disappear.

In previous issues of Bible and Spade, we had discussed five Assyrian kings named in the Bible.

Some Ancient Assyrians Ignored the Advent of Writing for Thousands of Years

Now we wish to examine the other side of that coin—the kings of Israel named in the Assyrian records. All told, there are nine kings of Israel and Judah mentioned in Assyrian inscriptions.

References to five of these kings (Menaham, Pekah, Hosea, Ahaz and Hezekiah) are paralleled by biblical passages.

Pages in the "Writing Aramaic" lesson series: Introduction (current page) - learn the basic square & cursive alphabets, various letter forms, and how to write & identify simple words.

Ugaritic cuneiform Assyrian writing
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Assyrian language: Past and Present